Real World Gardener, Inorganic Vs Organic Fertilisers in Soil Savvy

October 24th, 2016

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SOIL SAVVY

Fertiliser:Inorganic vs Organic

Did you know that farmers have used fertilisers on their crops for thousands of years?

In fact Egyptians, Romans, Babylonians, and early Germans are all recorded as using minerals and or manure to increase the productivity of their farms.

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Organic Fertilisers photo M Cannon

But have you ever wondered how plants actually take up the fertiliser that you throw around on the soil?

After all the fertiliser is an actual solid mostly, so how does the plant use it?

Plus, is there a reason for being told to water in the fertiliser after you apply it?

Let’s find out . I'm talking with Penny Smith, horticultural scientist who specializes in soil science.

There are two groups of fertilisers: chemical based and organic based.

Organic fertilisers can be anything from processed green waste, to pelletised chicken manure and cow manure.

Pro's of organic fertilisers is that they contribute to a better soil structure in general.

Inorganic fertilisers are chemical based.

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Inorganic fertilisers photo M Cannon

However, they need to be broken down by soil microbes before being available to the plant.

The pros of inorganics is that they are immediately available to the plant without the middle man soil microbes.

Fertilisers are after all minerals that must first dissolve in water so that the plant can absorb them through their roots.

So in effect, the plant has to be able to sort of drink up the fertiliser, before it gets transported up the stems and leaves.

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