Real World Gardener Early Australians Preserves and Pickles in What’s Cooking

November 1st, 2015

REAL WORLD GARDENER Wed. 5pm 2RRR 88.5fm Sydney, streaming live at www.2rrr.org.au  and Across Australia on the Community Radio Network. www.realworldgardener.com

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Real World Gardener is funded by the Community Broadcasting Foundation (CBF).

The complete CRN edition

WHAT'S COOKING

If you could time travel to the early to mid-1800s, what kind of things would you expect to find growing in their produce gardens and what kind food would you expect to eat?

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In the What’s Cooking segment, this is exactly what we’re doing; time travelling back to early colonists days in Australia and having a peek at what happened in those kitchens and kitchen gardens.

Would you have guessed that an alligator pear is an avocado?

Or that eggplants, tomatoes, artichokes and other heritage vegies were grown on a regular basis?

Tomatoes were initially not commonly grown but staples such as beans, potatoes and cabbages were the staples in most kitchen gardens.

Pickling and preserving were high on the cook’s to do list when all the produce comes ripe at once.

Salt and vinegar were the main preserving ingredients back then and unlike today, sugar wasn't used at all, the reason being sugar was expensive.

Pickling was in 100% vinegar, but they also used spices to make condiments like Brinjal pickles and Picalilli.

food_group.jpgFermenting vegies such as cabbage was common practise as was storing root vegetables in sand and keeping them in a cool environment such as a cellar.

Wealthier households that could afford sugar were able to make sweet jams and cordials.

Back then of course there was no global trade so once the tomatoes had finished for the season, the early colonists cook wouldn’t be able to get them unless they had been preserved.

If you have any questions about early colonists kitchen gardens or have some information you’d like to share, why not email realworldgardener@gmail.com or write in to 2RRR P.O. Box 644 Gladesville NSW 1675.

Real World Gardener Walking Iris is Plant of the Week

November 14th, 2014

REAL WORLD GARDENER Wed. 5pm 2RRR 88.5fm Sydney and Across Australia on the Community Radio Network. www.realworldgardener.com<?xml:namespace prefix = "o" />

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The complete CRN edition of RWG is available on http://www.cpod.org.au/ , just click on 2RRR to find this week’s edition.Steaming live on the net at www.2rrr.org.au/player/

 

 

PLANT OF THE WEEK

with Karen Smith from www.hortjournal.com.au

Neomarica sp. Walking Iris.

Fantastic strap leaf plant to use in the garden as a filler, with beautiful, iris-like flower

Plants are what’s called Heterophs because they make their own food.

They need to of course because they can’t walk to the next meal.

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 .

Except for this unusual plant that seems to walk.

 

 

 

 

Technically you could say that the walking iris doesn’t actually walk.

Walking iris really only seems to move because the small plantlets that form at the ends of the flower stalk, grow and weigh down the stalk, bringing it to the ground where it will root.

It also grows and spreads from underground stems or rhizomes.

 

 

The Blue Walking Iris is a vigorous growing tropical but surprisingly cold hardy.

Walking iris is clump-forming and its leaves are broad, sword-shaped and pointed at the ends. They grow in flat, fan-like arrangements, as do most members of the Iris family.

The brilliant purple-blue iris flowers are marked with white and burgundy-brown spots and appear in clusters on leafy stems held above the leaves. This species tends to bloom in succession from summer to spring

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It does best in filtered light to part shade. The flowers are short lived but replaced with new flowers throughout late Spring. Be careful not to over water.

Real World Gardener Zelkova serrata is Plant of the Week

May 4th, 2014

REAL WORLD GARDENER Wed. 5pm 2RRR 88.5fm Sydney, streaming live at www.2rrr.org.au and Across Australia on the Community Radio Network. www.realworldgardener.com<?xml:namespace prefix = "o" />

Real World Gardener is funded by the Community Broadcasting Foundation

REALWORLD GARDENER NOW ON FACEBOOK


The complete CRN edition of RWG is available on http://www.cpod.org.au/ , just click on 2RRR to find this week’s edition. The new theme is sung by Harry Hughes from his album Songs of the Garden. You can hear samples of the album from the website www.songsofthegarden.com



PLANT OF THE WEEK

Zelkova serrata-Japanese Zelkova
Do you live in an area where deciduous trees give you great autumn colour?

Those turning leaves do give those brilliant, reds, yellows and oranges that make for a standout landscape that artists and photographers can’t resist.

zelkova+serrata.png

Why not have a bit of this in your own backyard.








Zelkova serrata is native to Japan, Korea, eastern China and Taiwan.

Zelkova grows naturally in lowland forests with maple, beech and oak.

Japanese Zelkova is deciduous growing to 18 metres high with a 15 metre spread.
For showy autumn colour - the green leaves turn yellow, copper, orange, or deep red to purplish-red. 
Young trees have smooth grey bark and as the tree ages, the bark peels to reveal orange or pink patches.
Insignificant green flowers in Spring, followed by nut-like fruit or wingless drupes that ripen in Autumn.
Has some possibility as a substitute for the American (Ulmus americana) and English elm (Ulmus procera) because of its resistance to Dutch elm disease which has devastated the trees of the northern hemisphere.

Zelkova can grow quite a large trunk of up to one metre or more in diameter. It has a moderate growth rate and likes a sunny exposure. Tolerates heat and strong winds. Moderately drought tolerant, though intolerant of waterlogged soils.

Wood from Zelkova serrata is very fine grained and highly valued in Japan. Wood from all species of Zelkova is used in cabinet making and inlay work.

Several distinctive cultivars have been developed including Z. serrata ‘Green Vase.’ A good tree for Australian gardens because of its fire retardant properties.

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TIP:Transplants easily.

Zelkova is a funny name, but it’s in the list of Australia’s top ten trees according to the sponsor of last year’s winner of the Chelsea Flower Show.

The won the overall best garden with their Australian Garden entry.

If you have the room, this tree is hardy and moderately fast growing. Why not give it a try?

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July 15th, 2013

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Real World Gardener Spices it Up with Sumac

May 7th, 2013

REAL WORLD GARDENER Wed. 5pm 2RRR 88.5fm Sydney,
streaming live at www.2rrr.org.au and Across Australia on the Community Radio
Network.
www.realworldgardener.com

REALWORLD GARDENER NOW ON FACEBOOK

The complete CRN
edition of RWG is available on
http://www.cpod.org.au/ , just click on 2RRR to find this week’s edition.

The new theme is sung by Harry
Hughes from his album Songs of the Garden. You can hear samples of the album
from the website
www.songsofthegarden.com

Spice it Up

with herb expert and author, Ian Hemphill for Herbies Spices.

sumac fruit close up, natural color

You may not have heard of this spice
before, but prepare to be surprised at what this spice can do. Let’s find out….

The spice is tasty on grilled meats
and fish or as a seasoning for rice. It complements lentils and other beans as
well as vegetables.
Substitute it into any dish that you
need to use lemon juice.
Sumac is used a lot in a tang tomato
appetiser called Za’Atar. I’ll post that recipe up on the web. If you don’t
have a computer, write to me and I’ll send you a fact sheet.
Let me know if you’ve used Sumac
before or send in your recipe to
realworldgardener@gmail.com or by post to 2RRR P.O. Box 644 Gladesville
NSW 1675, or post them on Real World
Gardeners facebook page, and I’ll post a CD in return.
Za'atar-Tomato Appetizer
2 Tablespoons dried
thyme
1 Tablespoon sumac
2 teaspoons sesame
seeds, toasted
1/2 teaspoon table
salt
1 pint cherry
tomatoes
1 recipe fresh Flatbread
In a small container with a lid,
shake together the thyme, sumac, sesame seeds and salt. This is a Middle
Eastern spice blend called "zaatar."
Cut each of the cherry tomatoes in half
placing them into a medium bowl as you go. Sprinkle with one tablespoon of the
zaatar; toss well. Taste and add more of the seasoning, in small increments,
until you have what you consider a tasty concoction. Serve right away along
with the flatbread allowing diners to pile the tomatoes onto the bread for
themselves.
Makes enough for 4 to 6, depending on
serving size

Real World Gardener Designing Gardens with Clay Soil

April 28th, 2013

REAL WORLD GARDENER Wed. 5pm 2RRR 88.5fm Sydney,
streaming live at www.2rrr.org.au and Across Australia on the Community Radio
Network.
www.realworldgardener.com

REALWORLD GARDENER NOW ON FACEBOOK

The complete CRN
edition of RWG is available on
http://www.cpod.org.au/ , just click on 2RRR to find this week’s edition.

The new theme is sung by Harry Hughes from his
album Songs of the Garden. You can hear samples of the album from the website
www.songsofthegarden.com

Design Elements

with landscape designer Louise McDaid

This month, Design elements is
still fixing your garden design problems that are based on soil conditions in
your garden.

If you’ve ever parked around a
tree and not thought much about it, think again, because you’re reducing the
amount of oxygen in the soil through soil compaction.

Plants actually do need oxygenated
soil to live and grow.

What do you do if you have heavy
clay soil?
Let’s find out how to garden with
this particular soil profile in garden?

Clay soil might be hard to dig, but
also dries into an impenetrable rock like substance eventually.

As we mentioned, there are a number
of ways to improve the soil, or you can go with the flow and grow plants that
appreciate that type of environment.

Of course if you want to grow
carrots and parsnips, or a plant that
your really hanker for, buy or make one of those raised veggie gardens that
stand about a metre or more above the soil.

Adding sand to clay soils doesn’t
improve clay soils, it just makes sandy clay, and that’s just a bad
combination.

As I said last week, there’s quite a
few things you can do to improve clay soil profiles, but remember if you try
and do it all at once it’ll overwhelm you and you’ll feel like giving up. Be
like the tortoise, easy does it, and a bit at a time. Over time, you’ll manage
the conditions and have a fabulous garden, guaranteed.

Real World Gardener, Structure in Garden Design with Hedges

July 20th, 2012

 REAL WORLD GARDENER Wed. 5pm 2RRR 88.5fm Sydney and Across Australia on the Community Radio Network. www.realworldgardener.com
Design Elements: Structure in the garden with hedges. Recently a friend of mine sent me some photos from English gardens she was visiting. The garden looked very cottagey, with blowsy perennials falling over everywhere, and disorder seemed to be the theme. 
My eye couldn't focus on anything in the picture and I felt dissatisfied with the whole effect.
Natural gardens that look good are hard to achieve and  I've got to say my preference is for a structured look with clipped Buxus or clipped Lilly Pilly. You still can have all the garden styles or themes in such a garden.
Listen to garden designer Lesley Simpson discuss Structure with Hedges.

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